There is no one way to produce a paper, and no perfect writing process. But most people conduct at least some planning, drafting, revising, and proofreading when they tackle a writing assignment.
So this report talks about empathy in the form of empathizing with someone in pain. i.e. the experience of pain and the observance of pain being experienced.
I am not sure how much of this study is helpful to the action of individuals but sure, it informs an understanding of how it happens. But compared to the present moment, current reality afford little time to think about how your brain functions when you need to use it.
Imagine wanting to cut an apple and then reaching for a knife to figure out how it manages to cut the apple – you will never get your apple cut.