According to which ideas does the human being manage her/his relationship with the world in which s/he lives? Is this relationship shaped by psychic invariable structures influencing the interaction between the subject and the objective reality? What is the existential role of knowledge and what is the connection of the philosophy with the individual’s life?

These are only some of the questions characterizing the philosophical thought of Karl Jaspers. Focusing on ideas like Weltbild and Weltanschauung the paper highlights both the way Jaspers answered those questions and the originality of his philosophical approach in the twentieth-century panorama.

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