Cognitive ergonomics (sometimes known as cognitive engineering though this was an earlier field) is an emerging branch of ergonomics which places particular emphasis on the analysis of cognitive processes required of operators in modern industries and similar milieus.
Examples include diagnosis, workload, situation awareness, decision making, and planning. Cognitive ergonomics aims at enhancing performance of cognitive tasks by means of several interventions, including these:
– user-centered design of human-machine interaction and human-computer interaction (HCI);
– design of information technology systems that support cognitive tasks (e.g., cognitive artifacts);
– development of training programs;
– work redesign to manage cognitive workload and increase human reliability.